City: Hong Kong
Population: 7 million
Coordinates (decimal): 22.3°N, 114.13°E
Time Zone: China Standard Time
Added by: Adrian Mosse
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Traditional Chinese: 香港特別行政區 [pronunciation]), commonly known as Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), is one of the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, along with Macau. Comprising more than 260 islands, the territory is located on the eastern side of the Pearl River Delta, bordering Guangdong province in the north and facing the South China Sea in the east, west and south.
Hong Kong was a crown colony of the United Kingdom from 1842 until the transfer of sovereignty to the People's Republic of China in 1997. The Sino-British Joint Declaration and the Basic Law of Hong Kong stipulate that Hong Kong operate with a high degree of autonomy until at least 2047, fifty years after the transfer. Under the policy of "one country, two systems", the Central People's Government is responsible for the territory's defense and foreign affairs, while Hong Kong maintains its own legal system based on British common law, police force, monetary system, customs policy, immigration policy, and delegates to international organisations and events.
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